Courtesy of Library of Congress
Benjamin Cardozo was born in New York City, the son of a New York Supreme Court justice, and was himself elected to the New York Supreme Court in 1913. The majority of his landmark decisions were delivered during his eighteen-year tenure on the New York Court of Appeals. In 1932, Cardozo was appointed by President Herbert Hoover to the U.S. Supreme Court, where he joined Louis D. Brandeis and Harlan Fiske Stone in upholding New Deal legislation. He held his position on the court until his death, handing down opinions that adhered tightly to the Tenth Amendment. Cardozo authored such esteemed books as The Nature of the Judicial Process (1921) and The Paradoxes of Legal Science (1928).